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I am a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science at Duke University (expected graduation: May 2023). My primary subfield is in Security, Peace, and Conflict, with a secondary specialization in Methodology (Game Theory track). My research interests lie at the nexus of international security, international political economy and foreign policy, particularly economic sanctions and the determinants of sanction usage by governments, and the micro-level effects of economic statecraft.


My dissertation project focuses on how third-party actors could affect the implementation of economic sanctions. Each of the three papers of the dissertation examines a different type of third-party actor and the roles that they play in the sanctioning process. The three papers look at cooperative third-party states, non-cooperative third-party states, and private third-party actors, respectively. The project aims to achieve three goals. First, it focuses on the decision of the sanction-sending state to implement sanctions conditional on the actions of third-party actors. Second, it gives agency to actors that are not necessarily the focus of previous research. Last, it builds a bridge between the security-focused sanctions literature and international political economy.

In addition to the dissertation, I also have several co-authored works in progress. These include papers on the impact of economic sanctions on women's rights and lived experiences in the target state, survey experiments on Filipino diplomats looking at how foreign service officers perceive international negotiations, and a novel semi-supervised item response theory method to measure the varieties of power, among others.

I am currently supported by a grant from the National Science Foundation, which is funding one of my co-authored projects. For the academic year 2021-2022, I was a Pre-Doctoral Fellow at the America in the World Consortium. Previously, I was a Carnegie Junior Scholar at the International Policy Scholars Consortium and Network. 

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